What is the difference between HTTP and HTTPS? - Advantages and disadvantages

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Shane Conder
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While it doesn't seem like a common theme, the truth is that it is. The reason is that when you connect to the network from a browser, you may be witnessing one of these protocols. Now, what is the difference between HTTP and HTTPS protocol. This post mentions each of them, as well as the advantages and disadvantages they offer.

What does the HTTP acronym stand for?

These acronyms are the acronym for Hypertext Transport Protocol. The translation is Hypertext Protocol. Put simply, it refers to a protocol that allows the transmission of information between a user and the server. Its main function is that the data is transmitted to the user accurately. If you want to know more about the HTTP protocol and how it works, we leave you this link.



If it is true the HTTP protocol manages the information and takes it to its destination ; it does not memorize it. Therefore, at the end of the connection requested by a user, the navigation data is lost. Since the creation of this protocol, it has evolved to improve its functionality and service.

Evolution of the HTTP protocol

  • Version 0.9: It was released in 1991 and is already obsolete due to its limitations. For example, it does not support headers or POST, just a command and a GET request; therefore it does not have the ability to transmit a certain amount of information to a server.
  • Version 1.0: was released in May 1996 and is the first to specify the communication version. Although later there have been several versions, this one it is widely used ; especially on proxy servers. Includes GET, HEAD, and POST request.



  • Version 1.1: This version was released in June 1993 ed it is widely used. It is configured so that persistent connections are turned on by default. Works well with proxies. Supports multiple requests simultaneously and on the same connection; thus eliminating the round trip delay time for each request made.
  • Version 1.2: was released in February 2000 and has had some major changes how to: remove HTTP / 1.2 reference., HTTP Extension Framework, RFC 2774. This release also includes PEP.
  • HTTP / 2 version: was released in May 2015 and retains the basic concepts of the HTTP version. It only focuses on how to package and transport data.
  • HTTP / 3 version: The release date is October 2018. It is compatible with major versions of the HTTP protocol. It has joined Google Chrome and Cloudflare since September 2019.

Difference between HTTP and HTTPS protocol (advantages and disadvantages)

Safety

The main difference. Safety. Because the HTTPS protocol includes an "S". Refers to the use of the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate. This explains its inclusion on websites with WordPress. This offers a clear security advantage when transmitting encrypted information over the network. Despite the advantages, there are differences between SSL and the protocol.

The HTTPS protocol uses public and private storage and delivery based on the type of information used. This protocol is more secure than HTTP when surfing the net. The reason is that it ensures the use of encryption, so that information is handled only between the user and the server. Unlike the HTTP protocol with which information can be disclosed to third parties.



Speed ​​is a big difference between HTTP and HTTPS

As for speed, the HTTP protocol has an advantage over the HTTPS protocol. Since the latter includes sending encrypted information, it makes the connection slower. The HTTP protocol is more responsive.

Domain errors

The HTTP protocol also offers an advantage over the HTTPS protocol when it comes to accessing domains. Allows higher domain availability and fewer search errors, the which facilitates the arrival of data to the destination domain. Although on the Internet, the HTTP 503 error is well known.


However, this is a security disadvantage, as the communication can be intercepted. Therefore, we suggest the use of the HTTPS protocol in the management of banking information, e-mail account; or sites where passwords and confidential information are used.

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