What are the differences between PNG, JPG, GIF and BMP image formats?

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Craig Zacker
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You wonder What are the differences between PNG, JPG, GIF and BMP image formats? Then read the following guide carefully, where we will explain these popular image formats a little.

What is an image format?

Image formats are digital standards, through which information is stored in a visual document. In other words, as the name suggests, these types of files store images.

In any case, there are many types of image format. Each of them stores information in a different way, which makes them very different from each other. That said, you need to properly analyze each format to understand the differences.

What are the differences between PNG, JPG, GIF and BMP image formats?

Do you know what types of digital image formats exist? There are various image formats. Either way, the most recognized are PNG, JPG, GIF e BMP. Through the following guide, we will make a comparison between each of these formats so that you can choose the most convenient one based on each situation.

JPG and its differences from PNG, GIF and BMP

JPG is a lossy compression image format. This means that images with this extension they will be smaller in size, but the quality may be affected.

JPG format images are generally of decent quality with a low weight. Therefore, this is one of the most recommended options in case you want to save storage space.

The JPG format is one of the most relevant and that is why we often see it on various websites and social platforms. While it has its downsides, the quality what it offers is decent and rarely the average user needs better.

PNG versus JPG

The PNG format is very interesting because it usually is remarkably larger than the JPG format. In any case, it offers some advantages that are not possible in JPG, such as transparency. However, some reasons why users find it convenient to convert PNG images to JPG without losing quality.

La transparency  it allows you to create "empty" spaces within images. This means that with PNG it is possible to save non-square images (with specific shapes) while maintaining their transparency, which makes the format particularly useful for graphic design.

The PNG format is widely used on Web sites as it allows you to develop a more stylized look. In any case, the format is not the most recommended for complex images or photographs.


Unlike previous formats, the basic version of the GIF format has a limit of 256 colors. For this reason, this format is not recommended for archiving images as it does not offer the best quality and its weight is not the most appropriate either.

In any case, the GIF format has an advantage that others do not have and that is that it allows you to use animated images. The GIF format, in fact, is capable of storing moving images and that is why it is known.

The GIF format is also used within various internet platforms and has been popularized primarily by memes and similar humorous content. Likewise, it was very popular on older websites.

BMP and its differences from JGP, PNG and GIF

BMP is a format that Microsoft created in 1986 and refers specifically to bitmap images. This format was very popular in the early years of modern computing. Even so, it has its pros and cons that need to be analyzed before using this format.

The BMP format is a uncompressed format, so it will offer excellent image quality. In any case, the weight of the images in is usually quite high. Reason why its use in online platforms is not massive. However, users can resize or resize an image with BMP as often as needed.

Although the BMP format was a revolution at the time, new technologies are now proving more efficient, so the format has fallen into disuse.

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