How to protect myself against malware and what types exist?

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Shane Conder
@shaneconder
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Next, we will see how to protect yourself from malware and what types are there. The list is quite extensive and we will go into detail a little further below. In turn, you could supplement this information by learning how to protect a PC with Antivirus, Firewall, Anti Spyware, and Anti Spam, among other tactics to protect yourself in the digital world.

What is malware?

The first thing to understand is what is malware? The word means "malicious malware" which in a nutshell refers to malicious code of any kind that aims to damage a system.



In a nutshell, it could be said that malware is a kind of "disease" that tries to interfere with the proper functioning of a system, device, computer, etc. Its purpose can be varied, but it is always harmful.

What we mean is that there may be malware for spy on internet activity, steal information, lock computer, steal money, monitor computer processes. In short, trying to harm a person so that the creator of the malware can make a profit.

How can I get infected?

In genere, malware  or viruses are found in file.exe that we download from the Internet. Many others are managed by code via websites, also by e-mail. We can find malicious code in compressed files like .rar, various documents like PDF, etc.

This file class is always disguised as fillet benign, i.e. files that we generally need or that we look for on certain programs we trust, for example.

It is quite common when trying to download free stuff from the Internet, to find these kinds of surprises.


What Kind of Malware Exists? What types of viruses are there?

There is a huge amount of malware, each with its own definition, since they perform different functions and have different goals.


Virus

The virus is a type of program whose purpose is to destroy or modify something in the system via some kind of file.exe (executable).

spyware

One of the most " known Unfortunately, and it is a software that, in short, spies on our activity on the computer. Collects information about our business in general terms. It is normally used to collect data for advertising companies and in this way to have personalized advertising while browsing the Internet.

ransomware

What it does is try to block access to our entire computer or part of its system. On many occasions when we try to enter the computer we see a website that looks very serious where we are asked for money in order to free the PC.

adware

It is quite common, it is misleading and massive advertising. What this does is that while browsing the internet we see too much annoying advertisements on different sites. When the site itself has no advertising, the malicious program is responsible for adding it to our browser.

trojan

This class of malware are programs that appear on our computer after installing another program. On many occasions we download programs from official sites, we always click on » NEXT »During installation. And without realizing it, we are approving the installation of this class of malicious programs that add " backdoor »To our PC.


Scareware

It is software that is responsible for generating fear in the user by making him believe that his computer has some kind of problem and offering him a solution. When you do the " magical solution »You are giving the person behind this malware access to your computer.


Keylogger

It would be a keyboard recorder. Are you imagining what it does? Practically captures all the keys you press while browsing your computer. This way you can steal passwords, bank accounts, etc.


To avoid this, you should keep in mind to log in safely when using public computers, this way you will avoid the danger.

exploit

They are found in applications, programs, games, etc. They take advantage of the security gaps of different applications or games to exploit it. It can also happen, as you might imagine, in an operating system. Which is a huge risk. This is why it is important to keep everything up to date.


How to protect yourself from malware

There is no magic recipe for this. No antivirus will protect you 100%. Ideally, you should try to have a reliable and popular antivirus that is always up to date. For this reason we recommend that you know the best free and paid antivirus for Windows.

But the most important thing is to use consistency when browsing the internet. If we are not consistent and aware of the risks. So no antivirus can help us.

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